徐訏 (1908 - 1980)

徐訏,又名徐于,浙江慈谿人,有迫于、麗明、東方既白、任子楚等筆名。幼時,父母離異,五歲被送到學校住宿,備嘗孤獨滋味,從其日後作品中,可以發現孤寂的陰影暗裡飄蕩。1931年,他在北京大學哲學系畢業後,又轉到心理系肄業。大學期間,開始寫作,最早投稿於《東方雜誌》。1934年,到上海,在林語堂創辦的《人間世》半月刊當編輯,同時兼任《宇宙風》半月刊編輯及《天地人》、《西風》月刊主編。1936年,赴法國留學,主修哲學,其間發表小說《鬼戀》。翌年,中日抗戰爆發,回上海繼續寫作。1942年,到重慶任教國立中央大學師範學院國文系,並創作長達五十餘萬言的巨著《風蕭蕭》。這本小說成為1943年最暢銷的書。1944年,他被「掃蕩報」聘為駐美特派員。

抗戰勝利後,徐訏自美回國,居上海,先後任《天地人》、《作風》等刊物主編。1950年赴香港定居,除寫作外,又在各大學教書。1960年應林語堂邀請赴新加坡南洋大學教學。1966年回港,分別在中文大學新亞書院和浸會書院擔任教席。1970年任浸會書院中文系主任,1977年兼任文學院院長。1980年病逝。


Xu Xu (1908 - 1980)

Xu Xu, also named Xu Yu; born in Cixi, Zhejiang province. His pseudonyms include Po Yu, Li Ming, Dongfang Jibai, and Ren Zichu. Xu Xu’s parents divorced in his childhood, and, at the age of five, he was sent away to live in the school. This experience of the bitter taste of loneliness was to reflect as a shadow of desolation that was ever present in his later works. After graduating from the Department of Philosophy in Peking University in 1931, he transferred to the Department of Psychology to continue his studies. He started writing in university, submitting his initial works to Oriental Magazine. In 1934, he went to Shanghai to serve as editor of Human World, a biweekly magazine founded by Lin Yutang, working concurrently as editor of another biweekly magazine called Cosmic Wind and editor-in-chief of the two monthlies Heaven, Earth and Man and Westerly Winds. In 1936, he went to France to pursue his studies, majoring in philosophy. During his stay in France, he published his novelette The Ghostly Love. In the following year, after the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese Wars, he returned to Shanghai to continue his writing career. In 1942, he taught at the Department of Chinese at the School of Education of the Central University of Chongqing, and wrote his 500-thousand-word epic novel The Wind Soughs and Sighs. This book became the best-seller of the year 1943. In 1944, he became the special correspondent in the United States of the newspaper Saodang Bao.

After the triumph of the War of Resistance against Japan, Xu Xu returned to China from the United States and lived in Shanghai. He worked successively as the editor-in-chief of publications including Heaven, Earth and Man and Style. In 1950, he settled down in Hong Kong. He continued to write and at the same time taught at different universities. In 1960, at the invitation of Lin Yutang, Xu Xu went to Singapore to teach at Nanyang University. He returned to Hong Kong in 1966, and took up teaching posts at New Asia College of the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Hong Kong Baptist College (now University) respectively. He became head of the Department of Chinese of Hong Kong Baptist College in 1970 and concurrently assumed the deanship of the Faculty of Arts in 1977. He died of illness in 1980.

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