丁玲 (1904 - 1986)
Ding Ling (1904 - 1986)
A famous modern female writer, Ding Ling was originally named Jiang Bingzhi. Her pen names included Bin Zhi and Cong Xuan. She was born in Linli, Hunan province. During her days in secondary school, she was deeply imprinted by the currents of thought driving the May-Fourth Movement. In 1923, she was admitted into the Department of Chinese Language of Shanghai University. In 1925, she married Hu Yepin, also a writer himself. In December 1927, she published in Short Story Monthly her maiden work Meng Ke and her second piece of fiction Miss Sophie’s Diary, capturing the attention of the literary world.
In 1930, she joined the League of Left-Wing Writers. Later, she worked as the editor-in-chief of The Dipper, a publication run by the League, and became the Secretary for the Alliance of Left-Wing Parties. In 1948, she completed her novel The Sun Shines over the Sanggan River. In addition to being translated into a great variety of foreign languages, the novel also won the Stalin Prize for Literature in 1951. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Ding Ling successively held numerous leadership positions in the literary circle. Despite her heavy workload, Ding still continued with her writing career, producing a great number of novels, essays and articles of critique. During the Cultural Revolution, she came under persecution and was imprisoned. In 1979, she was fully reinstated and returned to the literary circle. In 1986, she was granted the title of Honorary Fellow by the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Ding Ling was a prolific writer, and some of her writings were even translated into many different languages and circulated in countries around the world, creating a far-reaching impact.