巴金 (1904 - 2005)

原名李堯棠,字芾甘。1925年畢業後,便常發表論文和譯文。1927年,赴法國留學,翌年,在巴黎完成第一部中篇小說《滅亡》。此後,開始使用筆名「巴金」,一直至今。1931年,他在《時報》連載「激流三部曲」之一《家》,是其代表作,也是中國現代文學史上最卓越的作品之一。1938年和1940年分别出版了《春》和《秋》,完成「激流三部曲」。

抗戰勝利後,巴金主要從事翻譯、編輯等工作。1960年,當選中國文聯副主席和中國作協副主席。由於他的倡議,1985年,中國現代文學館得以建立。1982年至1985年巴金相繼獲得四個榮耀:意大利但丁國際榮譽獎、法國榮譽勛章和香港中文大學榮譽文學博士及美國文學藝術研究院名譽院士。


Ba Jin (1904 - 2005)

Originally named Li Yaotang; also known as Li Feigan. Upon graduation in 1925, Ba Jin started to regularly publish papers and translations. In 1927, he went to France for further studies, and in the year after in Paris, he wrote his first short novel, Destruction. From then on he adopted the pen name “Ba Jin”, and has been using it to this day. In 1931, he started publishing his book Family, the first part of the Torrent Trilogy, in serial form in the Daily Times. It turned out to be not only Ba Jin’s most representative work but also one of the greatest masterpieces in the history of modern Chinese literature. Spring and Autumn, the two sequels to Family, were published in 1938 and 1940 respectively. Together they constitute the Torrent Trilogy.

After the War of Resistance against Japan ended in triumph, Ba Jin turned his attention to translating and editorial work. He was elected vice-chairman of both the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles and the Chinese Writers’ Association in 1960. It was by his proposal that the Modern Chinese Literary Archives was established in 1985. Between 1982 and 1985 he received four honours: he was awarded the Dante International Prize by Italy and the honorary degree of Doctor of Letters by the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and he was granted the title of "Commander of the Legion of Honour" by France and that of “Honorary Fellow” by the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

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