巴金 (1904 - 2005)
Ba Jin (1904 - 2005)
Originally named Li Yaotang; also known as Li Feigan. Upon graduation in 1925, Ba Jin started to regularly publish papers and translations. In 1927, he went to France for further studies, and in the year after in Paris, he wrote his first short novel, Destruction. From then on he adopted the pen name “Ba Jin”, and has been using it to this day. In 1931, he started publishing his book Family, the first part of the Torrent Trilogy, in serial form in the Daily Times. It turned out to be not only Ba Jin’s most representative work but also one of the greatest masterpieces in the history of modern Chinese literature. Spring and Autumn, the two sequels to Family, were published in 1938 and 1940 respectively. Together they constitute the Torrent Trilogy.
After the War of Resistance against Japan ended in triumph, Ba Jin turned his attention to translating and editorial work. He was elected vice-chairman of both the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles and the Chinese Writers’ Association in 1960. It was by his proposal that the Modern Chinese Literary Archives was established in 1985. Between 1982 and 1985 he received four honours: he was awarded the Dante International Prize by Italy and the honorary degree of Doctor of Letters by the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and he was granted the title of "Commander of the Legion of Honour" by France and that of “Honorary Fellow” by the American Academy of Arts and Letters.