戴望舒 (1905 - 1950)

原名戴朝寀,筆名戴夢鷗、江恩、艾昂甫等。生於浙江杭縣。1922年開始創作新詩,1923年考入上海大學文學系。1925年轉入震旦大學法文班。1926年同施蟄存、杜衡創辦《瓔珞》旬刊,在創刊號上發表處女詩作《凝淚出門》。1927年發表了至今仍為人傳頌的詩作《雨巷》,引起詩壇注意,後被美譽為「雨巷詩人」。1928年與施蟄存、杜衡、馮雪蜂一起創辦《文學工場》。1929年4月第一本詩集《我的記憶》出版。1932年參加施蟄存主編的《現代》雜誌的編輯工作,後赴法留學,入里昂中法大學。1935年春回國。1936年10月與卞之琳、至等創辦《新詩》月刊。

對日抗戰爆發後,在香港主編《大公報》文藝副刊,並創《耕耘》雜誌。1938年春在香港主編《星島日報》副刊。1939年和艾青主編《頂點》。日軍佔領香港期間,被日軍逮捕入獄,在獄中寫下《獄中題壁》、《我用殘損的手掌》等詩篇。1949年6月,在北平出席了中華文學藝術工作代表大會。建國後,在新聞總署從事編譯工作,其後在北京病逝。


Dai Wangshu (1905 - 1950)

Originally named Dai Chaocai; pseudonyms included Dai Meng’ou, Jiang En and Ai Angfu. Born in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. Dai Wangshu started writing new poetry in 1922, and was admitted in 1923 into the Department of Literature at Shanghai University. In 1925, he transferred to Aurora University, where he took French classes. In 1926, Dai launched the magazine Ying Luo (issued every ten days) together with Shi Zhecun and Du Heng. He published his maiden poem Going Out of the Door with Tears in the first issue of the magazine. In 1927, Dai caught the attention of the poetry circle with his poem A Lane in the Rain, which won him favourable acclaims to this day. He was later called a “poet in rainy lane”. In 1928, he launched another magazine, Literary Workshop, together with Shi Zhecun, Du Heng and Feng Xuefeng. In 1929, he published the first volume of his poetry collections, My Memory. In 1932, he participated in the editing work of the magazine Les Contemporaines – of which Shi Zhecun was the editor-in-chief – and later went to France and studied in Sino-French University at Lyon. He returned to China in the spring of 1935. In October 1936, together with Bian Zhilin, Feng Zhi and a few others, he launched the monthly New Poetry.

After the outbreak of the War of Resistance against Japan, Dai went to Hong Kong where he served as the editor-in-chief of the literary supplement to L’ impartiale and founded the magazine Cultivation. In the spring of 1938, he worked as the editor-in-chief of the supplement to Sing Tao Daily. In 1939, he launched the magazine Vertex with Ai Qing. During Japan’s occupation of Hong Kong, he was arrested by the Japanese authorities. In the prison he wrote a number of poems including An Inscription on the Prison Wall and With My Injured Hand. In June 1949, Dai attended the first National Congress of Chinese Literature and Art Workers. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, he served as an editor and translator with the Bureau of Information. He died of illness later in Beijing.

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