冰心 (1900 - 1999)
Bing Xin (1900 - 1999)
Originally named Xie Wanying; born in Changle, Fujian Province. Bing Xin was the pioneer of the canon of children’s literature in modern China. In 1919, she published her first piece Two Families under the pen name “Bing Xin”. In 1921, she joined the Literary Research Society. In 1923, she amazed the literary circle with her short poems when they were published in two separate collections, Myriad Stars and Spring Water. In the same year, she went to the United States and focused her attention on literary research. She recounted her travels and experiences of her stay abroad in a series of essays, which were sent back to China to be published in newspapers. These essays caused a national sensation and were later collected and published under the title of Letters to My Little Readers.
In 1926, Bing returned to China after receiving her M.A. degree. She successively taught at Yanjing University, Tsinghua University, and Beijing Women’s College of Arts and Sciences. In 1946, she went to Japan with her husband Wu Wenzao and taught at Tokyo University. She went back to China in 1951. Upon her return, she published a collection of poems, Ode to Cherry Blossoms, and a collection of essays, The Second Batch of Letters to My Little Readers. Apart from writing, Bing Xin also translated a number of foreign literary works. A deputy to the National People’s Congress since 1954, she was also the vice-chairwoman of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles. With the reputation “the grandmother of the literary circle” earned through her longevity, she passed away in 1999 at the age of 99.