朱光潛 (1897 - 1986)
Zhu Guangqian (1897 - 1986)
Born in Tongcheng, Anhui province; with Meng Shi as pseudonym. As a child, Zhu Guangqian was already conversant in Chinese classics including The Four Books and The Five Classics, The Gems of Chinese literature, and Three Hundred Poems of The Tang Dynasty. In 1922, he graduated from The University of Hong Kong. In 1925, he went to pursue his studies in the United Kingdom and France, and obtained his doctorate degree. In 1933, he returned to China, working in a succession of capacities, including the dean of School of Arts of Sichuan University, academic registrar of Wuhan University, and acting dean of School of Arts of Peking University. He also once worked as the editor-in-chief of Literature Magazine. After 1949 he took up posts including professor at Peking University, the Chairman of China Aesthetics Society, executive director of the China Society of Foreign Literature, academician of the Chinese Academy of Social Science, and member of the central committee of the China Democratic League.
Zhu made important contributions to the promotion of aesthetics. He translated a significant number of major literature in this respect, including Croce’s Guide to Aesthetics, Plato’s Dialogues on Art and Literature, Lessing’s Laocoon, Eckermann’s Conversation with Goethe, Hegel’s three-volume Aesthetics: Lectures on Fine Art, and Vico’s The New Science. His own works include The Psychology of Tragedy, The Psychology of Literature, and A History of Western Aesthetics.