廬隱 (1898 - 1934)

原名黃淑儀,又名黃英,生於福建閩侯。出版「海濱故人」小說集時,首用「廬隱」筆名,用隱去廬山真面目之意。1903年父親去世,到北京舅舅家居住。1909年入教會辦的慕貞書院小學部。信奉基督教。1912年考入女子師範學校,1917年畢業後任教於北平公立女子中學、安徽安慶小學及河南女子師範學校,1919年考入北京高等女子師範國文系。

1921年加入文學研究會。1922年大學畢業後到安徽宣城中學任教,半年後回北平師範大學附屬中學教國文。上文所述《海濱故人》,是她1925年出版的第一本小說集。1926年,她到上海大夏大學教書,1927年任北京市立女子第一中學校長半年。在那幾年間,她的母親、丈夫、哥哥和摯友石評梅先後逝世,她的悲傷情緒滲透在那個時期出版的作品集《靈海潮汐》和《曼麗》之中。1930年與李唯建結婚,1931年出版了二人的通信集《雲歐情書集》。婚後她們一度在東京居住,出版過《東京小品》。1931年起擔任上海工部局女子中學國文教師。36歲時因難產死於上海大華醫院。


Lu Yin (1898 - 1934)

Originally named Huang Shuyi, also known as Huang Ying; born in Minhou, Fujian province. When she published her collection of stories Old Friends at the Seaside she first used the pen name “Lu Yin”, a pseudonym that alludes to a Chinese proverb meaning “concealing one’s true appearance”. In 1903, her father passed away and she moved to live with her uncle in Beijing. She attended the primary school attached to the church-run Muzhen College in 1909 and became a Christian. In 1912, she entered Beijing Girls’ Normal School. Upon graduation in 1917, she taught successively at the Beijing Girls’ College, Anqing Primary School in Anhui province, and He’nan Girls’ Normal School. In 1919, she entered Beijing Women’s Normal College and studied in the Department of Chinese Language.

In 1921, Lu joined the Literary Research Society. In 1922, she taught at the Xuancheng High School in Anhui province, returning to Beijing half a year later to teach Chinese language at the high school attached to Beijing Normal University. Old Friends at the Seaside was her first collection of fiction, published in 1925. In 1926, she went to Shanghai and taught at Daxia University. In 1927, she assumed the duties as the principal of No. 1 Girl’s High School in Beijing for half a year. Within that several years, her mother, her husband, her elder brother and her intimate friend Shi Pingmei passed away one after another. The overwhelming grief Lu felt permeated the two collections of works she published during that period, Tide of Soul and Man Li. In 1930, she married Li Weijian. In 1931, she published Yun Ou Love Letters, a collection of the love letters Lu and her husband exchanged. After marriage they lived for a short period in Tokyo and published Essays in Tokyo. In 1931, she returned to China and became a Chinese language teacher of a girls’ high school run by the Shanghai Municipal Council. Lu died of dystocia at the age of 36 in Shanghai Dahua Hospital.

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