廬隱 (1898 - 1934)
Lu Yin (1898 - 1934)
Originally named Huang Shuyi, also known as Huang Ying; born in Minhou, Fujian province. When she published her collection of stories Old Friends at the Seaside she first used the pen name “Lu Yin”, a pseudonym that alludes to a Chinese proverb meaning “concealing one’s true appearance”. In 1903, her father passed away and she moved to live with her uncle in Beijing. She attended the primary school attached to the church-run Muzhen College in 1909 and became a Christian. In 1912, she entered Beijing Girls’ Normal School. Upon graduation in 1917, she taught successively at the Beijing Girls’ College, Anqing Primary School in Anhui province, and He’nan Girls’ Normal School. In 1919, she entered Beijing Women’s Normal College and studied in the Department of Chinese Language.
In 1921, Lu joined the Literary Research Society. In 1922, she taught at the Xuancheng High School in Anhui province, returning to Beijing half a year later to teach Chinese language at the high school attached to Beijing Normal University. Old Friends at the Seaside was her first collection of fiction, published in 1925. In 1926, she went to Shanghai and taught at Daxia University. In 1927, she assumed the duties as the principal of No. 1 Girl’s High School in Beijing for half a year. Within that several years, her mother, her husband, her elder brother and her intimate friend Shi Pingmei passed away one after another. The overwhelming grief Lu felt permeated the two collections of works she published during that period, Tide of Soul and Man Li. In 1930, she married Li Weijian. In 1931, she published Yun Ou Love Letters, a collection of the love letters Lu and her husband exchanged. After marriage they lived for a short period in Tokyo and published Essays in Tokyo. In 1931, she returned to China and became a Chinese language teacher of a girls’ high school run by the Shanghai Municipal Council. Lu died of dystocia at the age of 36 in Shanghai Dahua Hospital.