聞一多 (1899 - 1946)
Wen Yiduo (1899 - 1946)
Originally named Wen Jiahua, also known as Wen Yousan; born in Xishui, Hubei province. Wen Yiduo grew up with a keen interest in classical poetry, lyrical poetry and fine art. In 1912, he was admitted into Tsinghua College in Beijing. In April 1920, he published his maiden work, an essay titled A Traveller Student. In September of the same year, he published his first poem West Bank. In November 1921, he co-founded the Tsinghua Literary Society with Liang Shiqiu and other associates. In July 1922, he went to the United States to pursue his studies. In September 1923, he published his first collection of new poems under the title Red Candle. In May 1925, he returned to China and assumed the post of the academic registrar of Beijing Art School. In 1926, he assisted in the launch of the supplement Poetry in Beijing Morning Post, in which he published the famous article Form and Rhyme of Poetry. In January 1928, he published his second collection of poems, Dead Water. In autumn of the same year he took up the post as dean of the School of Arts at Wuhan University and, concurrently, head of its Department of Chinese. He turned his attention to the studies of classical Chinese literature.
After the outbreak of the War of Resistance against Japan, he migrated to the south with his school, walking together with his students from Changsha to Kunming, where he spent the following eight years teaching at the Southwest Associated University. He was an active participant in the Anti-Japanese Movement as well as the struggle to overthrow totalitarian rule and strive for democracy. After the triumph of the war, he became a member of the central executive committee of the China Democratic League, appearing frequently in progressive gatherings and demonstrations. At a meeting held in memory of Mr. Li Gongpu on July 15, 1946, he publicly condemned the Kuomintang for assassinating Li. In the afternoon of the same day, he too fell victim to assassination by the secret agents of Kuomintang.