錢穆 (1895 - 1990)

字賓四,江蘇無錫人。幼年在私塾讀書。錢穆一生從事國學研究,宗儒家,為中國近代史學大師,對中國思想史研究也有重大的貢獻。曾於北京大學、清華大學等任史學教授。1949年,錢穆在香港創辦新亞書院兼任亞洲文商學院院長,致力發揚中國傳統文化。1967年遷居台北後,仍孜孜不倦於教育及研究工作。

錢穆著作甚豐,有《國史大綱》、《兩漢經學今古文評議》、《先秦諸子繫年》、《朱子新學案》、《中國近三百年學術史》、《理學六家詩鈔》等行世。為讚揚錢穆對學術及教育之偉大貢獻,香港大學及美國耶魯大學先後頒授給他榮譽文學博士學位。1990年,病逝於台北市杭州南路寓所,享年95歲。


Qian Mu (1895 - 1990)

Also known as Qian Binsi; born in Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Qian Mu studied with a private tutor in his childhood. Engaged in the studies of ancient Chinese civilization and the schools of Confucian thought throughout his whole life, Qian was honoured as one of the greatest scholars of historiography in modern China and also made significant contributions to the study of the history of Chinese thought. He took up professorships at Peking and Tsinghua Universities, teaching historiography. In 1949, Qian founded New Asia College in Hong Kong, at the same time working as the dean of the Asian School of Arts and Commerce. He put in a significant amount of energy into promoting traditional Chinese culture. After he moved to Taipei in 1967, he was still actively involved in education and research work.

Qian Mu was a prolific writer. His published writings include A General Outline of Chinese History, A Critique of Modern and Ancient Writings on Confucian Classics of the Two Han Dynasties, Chronological Studies of the Pre-Ts’in Philosophers, New Studies of Zhuzi, Chinese Intellectual History of Recent Three Hundred Years, and Collected Poems of the Suhng Neo-Confucian Scholars. As a tribute to Qian’s profound contributions to the academic and education domains, both the University of Hong Kong and the Yale University in the United States awarded him honorary doctorate degrees in arts. In 1990, Qian died of illness in his apartment in Hangzhou Road South in Taipei at the age of 95.

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