錢穆 (1895 - 1990)
Qian Mu (1895 - 1990)
Also known as Qian Binsi; born in Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Qian Mu studied with a private tutor in his childhood. Engaged in the studies of ancient Chinese civilization and the schools of Confucian thought throughout his whole life, Qian was honoured as one of the greatest scholars of historiography in modern China and also made significant contributions to the study of the history of Chinese thought. He took up professorships at Peking and Tsinghua Universities, teaching historiography. In 1949, Qian founded New Asia College in Hong Kong, at the same time working as the dean of the Asian School of Arts and Commerce. He put in a significant amount of energy into promoting traditional Chinese culture. After he moved to Taipei in 1967, he was still actively involved in education and research work.
Qian Mu was a prolific writer. His published writings include A General Outline of Chinese History, A Critique of Modern and Ancient Writings on Confucian Classics of the Two Han Dynasties, Chronological Studies of the Pre-Ts’in Philosophers, New Studies of Zhuzi, Chinese Intellectual History of Recent Three Hundred Years, and Collected Poems of the Suhng Neo-Confucian Scholars. As a tribute to Qian’s profound contributions to the academic and education domains, both the University of Hong Kong and the Yale University in the United States awarded him honorary doctorate degrees in arts. In 1990, Qian died of illness in his apartment in Hangzhou Road South in Taipei at the age of 95.