徐志摩 (1897 - 1931)
Xu Zhimo (1897 - 1931)
Famous modern poet and essayist. Originally named Xu Zhangxu; pseudonyms include Nan Hu, and Yun Zhonghe. Born in Haining, Zhejiang province. After graduation from a high school in Hangzhou in 1915, Xu Zhimo studied in succession at Shanghai University, Beiyang University in Tianjin, and Peking University. In 1918, he went to the United States to study banking. In 1921, he went to England, studying political economy at University of Cambridge in London as a special student. During his two years of stay there, Xu came under the heavy influence of western modes of education, Anglo-American romanticism and the poetry of aesthetic idealism.
After his return to China in 1922, Xu published a large number of poetry and essays on newspapers and magazines. In 1923, he helped in founding the Crescent Society, and joined in the Literary Research Society. In 1924, he launched the weekly Modern Criticism with Hu Shi and Chen Xiying. In the same year, he took up a professorship in Peking University. In 1926, he worked as the editor-in-chief of the Poetics, a literary supplement to Beijing Morning Post. He advocated for the metrical movement for new poetry with Wen Yiduo and Zhu Xiang. In 1927, he launched the Crescent Book Store. After the founding of Crescent Monthly in the following year, he assumed the post of the magazine’s editor-in-chief. Later he went travelling in countries including the United Kingdom, the United States, Japan and India. In early 1931, he launched the quarterly Poetry magazine together with Chen Mengjia and Fang Weide. He was elected executive director of the China PEN. On November 19, Xu was on a plane from Nanjing to Beijing when it crashed into the mountains near Ji’nan. Xu was killed in the accident.