胡適 (1891 - 1962)

字適之,安徽績溪人,近代文學史上著名人物。1912年,考取公費留學。1915年,轉入哥倫比亞大學哲學系,取得博士學位。回國後,在北京大學出任教授,當時年僅27歲。

胡適最受人稱許的就是鼓吹運用白話文。1927年,他出版 「白話文學史」,以確定白話文學的地位。1931年,獲聘為北大文學院院長兼中國文學系系主任。抗戰期間,擔任駐美全權大使。1943年,獲聘為美國國會圖書館東方部名譽顧問。1944年,獲聘往哈佛大學講學。翌年,胡適被國民政府任命為北平大學校長。1957年,獲蔣介石任命為中央研究院院長。1962年2月24日,在中央研究院歡迎新院士酒會結束時,因心臟病發辭世,享年71歲。


Hu Shi (1891 - 1962)

Also known as Hu Shizhi; born in Jixi, Anhui province. Prominent figure in modern history of literature. In 1912 Hu Shi excelled in an examination for Boxer Indemnity Scholarship, and in the same year went to the United States to pursue his studies at Cornell University. In 1915, he transferred to the Department of Philosophy at Columbia University and later obtained his doctoral degree there. Upon his return to China, he worked as a professor in Peking University, at a mere age of 27.

What Hu Shi was most acclaimed for was his advocation for the use of vernacular writings in China. In 1927, he published A History of Vernacular Literature in China in an attempt to affirm the status of vernacular literature. In 1931, he was appointed dean of the School of Arts and head of the Department of Chinese Literature in Peking University. During the War of Resistance against Japan, he was appointed ambassador to the United States. In 1943, he was employed as honorary consultant of the Oriental section of the United States Library of Congress. In 1944, he was invited to give lectures at Harvard University. In the following year, Hu was appointed by the Nationalist government as president of Peking University. In 1957, Jiang Jieshi appointed him president of the Central Academia Sinica in Taiwan. On February 24, 1962, he died of a heart attack shortly after a dinner party given in honour of new members in the Central Academic Sinica. He was 71.

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