魯迅 (1881 - 1936)
Lu Xun (1881 - 1936)
Originally named Zhou Shuren, also known as Zhou Yucai; born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang province. Lu Xun was one of the most prominent literary figures since the May-Fourth Movement. Lu went to Japan to study medicine, but since he had a profound feeling that treating the psyche of the people was a task of greater urgency than healing their bodies, he gave up medicine for writing.
After the Revolution of 1911, Lu Xun worked with the Ministry of Education of the Provisional Government at Nanjing and, later, of the Beijing Government. He also taught successively at Peking University, Women’s Normal University and other institutions. In 1918, he first used the pen name Lu Xun to publish the first piece of vernacular fiction in the modern literary history of China, A Madman’s Diary. It was to serve as the foundation for the New Literature Movement that ensued. Later he participated in the editorial work of the magazine New Youth, becoming one of the leaders in the vanguard of the May-Fourth New Culture Movement. His novella, The True Story of Ah Q, published in 1921, is indisputably one of the finest pieces of literature of all time. On October 19, 1936, he died of tuberculosis in Shanghai at the age of 55.