錢鍾書 (1910 - 1998)
Qian Zhongshu (1910 - 1998)
Also known as Qian Mocun and Qian Huaiju; pen name Zhongshujun. Born in Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Qian Zhongshu was the first-born son of Qian Jibo, a prominent scholar on ancient Chinese civilization. Upon graduation from the Department of Foreign Languages and Literature of Tsinghua University in 1933, Qian took up a teaching post at Guanghua University in Shanghai. He married Yang Jiang in 1935, and the couple went to England for studies. In 1937, he graduated from Oxford University in England with a Master of Arts degree. He then went to Paris where he studied French literature at Sorbonne. He returned to China in the autumn of 1938, and worked as a professor at the Southwest Associated University in Kunming then head of the Department of English at the National Normal College in Lantian, Hunan province.
While on home leave in 1941, Qian was stranded in Shanghai when the city was taken over by Japanese forces. He wrote the novel Fortress Besieged and a collection of short fiction called Men, Beasts, and Ghosts. The novel Fortress Besieged has been translated into numerous languages including English, French, German, Russian, Japanese and Spanish. His essays are mostly published in the collection Marginalia of Life. During that period, he taught at the Ji'nan University in Shanghai.
He worked as a research fellow at the Research Institute for Literature affiliated with Peking University after 1953. His monograph, entitled A Comparative Philological Survey of Chinese Classics, attempts to expound on the prominent historical and canonical works of imperial China from the viewpoints of East-West studies and comparative literature. It is a work rich in material and is widely acknowledged within the academia.