戴望舒 (1905 - 1950)
Dai Wangshu (1905 - 1950)
Originally named Dai Chaocai; pseudonyms included Dai Meng’ou, Jiang En and Ai Angfu. Born in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. Dai Wangshu started writing new poetry in 1922, and was admitted in 1923 into the Department of Literature at Shanghai University. In 1925, he transferred to Aurora University, where he took French classes. In 1926, Dai launched the magazine Ying Luo (issued every ten days) together with Shi Zhecun and Du Heng. He published his maiden poem Going Out of the Door with Tears in the first issue of the magazine. In 1927, Dai caught the attention of the poetry circle with his poem A Lane in the Rain, which won him favourable acclaims to this day. He was later called a “poet in rainy lane”. In 1928, he launched another magazine, Literary Workshop, together with Shi Zhecun, Du Heng and Feng Xuefeng. In 1929, he published the first volume of his poetry collections, My Memory. In 1932, he participated in the editing work of the magazine Les Contemporaines – of which Shi Zhecun was the editor-in-chief – and later went to France and studied in Sino-French University at Lyon. He returned to China in the spring of 1935. In October 1936, together with Bian Zhilin, Feng Zhi and a few others, he launched the monthly New Poetry.
After the outbreak of the War of Resistance against Japan, Dai went to Hong Kong where he served as the editor-in-chief of the literary supplement to L’ impartiale and founded the magazine Cultivation. In the spring of 1938, he worked as the editor-in-chief of the supplement to Sing Tao Daily. In 1939, he launched the magazine Vertex with Ai Qing. During Japan’s occupation of Hong Kong, he was arrested by the Japanese authorities. In the prison he wrote a number of poems including An Inscription on the Prison Wall and With My Injured Hand. In June 1949, Dai attended the first National Congress of Chinese Literature and Art Workers. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, he served as an editor and translator with the Bureau of Information. He died of illness later in Beijing.