朱自清 (1898 - 1948)
Zhu Ziqing (1898 - 1948)
Originally named Zhu Zihua; also named Pei Xian. Ancestral home in Shaoxing, Zhejiang province; born in Donghai, Jiangsu province, later moving to settle in Yangzhou. In 1916, Zhu Ziqing was admitted into the Department of Philosophy of Peking University. He started publishing new poetry in 1919. He graduated the following year and started teaching in high schools in areas including Hangzhou and Wenzhou. In 1922, in collaboration with Yu Pingbo and others, Zhu launched the first “new poetry” publication in China, Poetry. In 1925, he joined Tsinghua University as professor of Department of Chinese and shifted his focus from new poetry to prose. At the same time, he started studying classical literature. In 1931, he took a sabbatical and went on a study tour to Europe, returning to China in July of the following year. After his return, he taught in Tsinghua University, then at the Southwest Associated University. After the triumph of the War of Resistance against Japan, he became an active participant in the national democratic movement, as a “fighter for democracy”. His works include a collection of poetry called A Snowy Morning, a collection of poetry and essays called Traces and collections of essays including The View from the Rear, and European Sketches. On August 12, 1948, Zhu died of gastric disease in Beijing at the age of 50.